Lincoln County Schools
Bylaws & Policies
8510 - WELLNESS
As required by law, the Board of Education establishes the following wellness policy for Lincoln County Schools.
The Board recognizes that good nutrition and regular physical activity affect the health and well-being of the County's students. Furthermore, research suggests that there is a positive correlation between a student's health and well-being and his/her ability to learn. Moreover, schools can play an important role in the developmental process by which students establish their health and nutrition habits by providing nutritious meals and snacks, supporting the development of good eating habits, and by promoting increased physical activity both in and out of school.
The Board, however, believes this effort to support the students' development of healthy behaviors and habits with regard to eating and exercise cannot be accomplished by the schools alone. It will be necessary for not only the staff, but also parents and the public at large to be involved in a community-wide effort to promote, support, and model such healthy behaviors and habits.
Facts leading to the development of a wellness policy
Sixty-four percent (64%) of West Virginia adults are obese or overweight.
Twenty-nine percent (29%) of West Virginia high school students are overweight or at risk of becoming overweight.
Twenty-eight percent (28%) of low-income children between two (2) and five (5) years of age in West Virginia are overweight or at risk of becoming overweight.
Obesity rates have doubled in children and tripled in adolescents over the last two (2) decades, and physical inactivity and excessive calorie intake are the predominant causes of obesity.
Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes are responsible for two-thirds of the deaths in the United States, and major risk factors for those diseases, including unhealthy eating habits, physical inactivity, and obesity, often are established in childhood.
The Lincoln County Board recognized that while parents are the primary teachers and caregivers of their children, the present and future health, safety, and well being of students are also the concern of the Lincoln County Schools.
Schools will provide nutrition education to foster lifelong habits for healthy eating and will establish links between health education and school meal programs.
Schools will provide physical education programs that are designed to stress physical fitness and encourage healthy, active lifestyles.
Child nutrition meals served through the National School Lunch and Breakfast Programs will meet all requirements of the Federal, State and local nutrition standards.
Schools will take every measure to ensure that student access to foods and beverages meet Federal, State and local laws and guidelines.
Schools will provide a healthy and safe environment that supports academic success before, during and after school.
The Board sets the following goals in an effort to enable students to establish good health and nutrition habits:
With regard to nutrition education, the County shall:
Nutrition education shall be included in the Health curriculum in accordance with the West Virginia State Board of Education policy 2520.5 for grades 5-12 and policy 252.55 for grades K-4, Health Content Standards and Objectives and where pertinent 2520.13, Vocational Education Content Standards and Objectives, so that instruction is sequential and standards-based and provides students with the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to lead healthy lives.
Nutrition education shall be integrated into other subject areas of the curriculum, when appropriate, to complement, but not replace, the standards and benchmarks for health education.
Nutrition education standards and benchmarks shall be age-appropriate and culturally relevant.
The standards and benchmarks for nutrition education shall be behavior focused.
Nutrition education shall include enjoyable, developmentally appropriate and culturally relevant participatory activities, such as contests, promotions, taste testings, and others.
Nutrition education shall include opportunities for appropriate student projects related to nutrition, involving, when possible, community agencies and organizations.
Nutrition education posters, such as My Plate, will be displayed in the cafeteria.
The school cafeteria shall serve as a learning lab by allowing students to apply the knowledge, attitudes, and skills taught in the classroom when making choices at mealtime.
Nutrition education shall extend beyond the school by engaging and involving families and the community.
Nutrition education shall reinforce lifelong balance by emphasizing the link between caloric intake (eating) and exercise in ways that are age-appropriate.
Nutrition education standards and benchmarks promote the benefits of a balanced diet that includes fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, and low-fat and fat-free dairy products.
The County shall provide information to parents that is designed to encourage them to reinforce at home the standards and benchmarks being taught in the classroom.
Nutritional newsletters are sent home quarterly to promote wellness/nutritional related articles for the entire family.
Nutritional information concerning school menus and wellness activities are featured on the County website to reinforce learning opportunities for the family.
With regard to physical activity, the County shall:
The following provisions must be included in the wellness policy:
All students in grades K-5, including those with disabilities, special health care needs and in alternative educational settings (to the extent consistent with the students' IEPs), shall receive instruction in physical education for at least thirty (30) minutes, three (3) days per week, including physical exercise and age appropriate physical activities.
All students in grades 6-8, including those with disabilities, special health care needs and in alternative educational settings (to the extent consistent with the students' IEPs), shall receive at least one (1) full period of instruction in physical education each school day of one (1) semester of the school year, including physical exercise and age appropriate physical activities, and shall have the opportunity to enroll in an elective lifetime physical education course.
All students in grades 9-12, including those with disabilities, special health care needs and in alternative educational settings (to the extent consistent with the students' IEPs), shall receive at least one (1) full course of instruction in physical education, including physical exercise and age appropriate physical activities, and shall have the opportunity to enroll in an elective lifetime physical education course.
A sequential, comprehensive physical education program shall be provided for students in K-12 in accordance with the content and objectives established by State Board of Education policy 2520.6.
The physical education curriculum shall provide sequential instruction related to the knowledge, attitudes, and skills necessary to participate in lifelong, health-enhancing physical activity.
Physical education classes shall provide students with opportunities to learn, practice, and be assessed on developmentally appropriate motor skills and social skills, as well as knowledge.
The sequential, comprehensive physical education curriculum shall stress the importance of remaining physically active for life.
Planned instruction in physical education shall be sufficient for students to achieve a proficient level with regard to the standards and benchmarks established by the State.
Planned instruction in physical education shall require students to be engaged in moderate to vigorous physical activity for at least fifty percent (50%) of scheduled class time.
Planned instruction in physical education shall teach cooperation, fair play, and responsible participation.
Planned instruction in physical education shall meet the needs of all students, including those who are not athletically gifted.
Planned instruction in physical education shall be presented in an environment free of embarrassment, humiliation, shaming, taunting, or harassment of any kind.
Planned instruction in physical education shall promote participation in physical activity outside the regular school day.
Physical activity shall not be employed as a form of discipline or punishment.
Physical activity and movement shall be integrated, when possible, across the curricula and throughout the school day.
Schools shall encourage families to provide physical activity outside the regular school day, such as outdoor play at home, participation in sports sponsored by community agencies or organizations, and in lifelong physical activities like bowling, swimming, or tennis.
The school shall provide information to families to encourage and assist them in their efforts to incorporate physical activity into their children's daily lives.
All students in grades 6 - 12 maintaining a 2.0 grade point average and meeting the attendance requirements set forth in State Board of Education policy 2436.10 shall have the opportunity to participate in extracurricular activities and intramural programs that emphasize physical activity.
In addition to planned physical education, the school shall provide age-appropriate physical activities (e.g., recess during the school day, intramurals and clubs before and after school, and interscholastic sports) that meet the needs of all students, including males, females, students with disabilities, and students with special healthcare needs.
All after-school programs shall provide developmentally appropriate physical activity for the students who participate.
Body mass index measures shall be used as an indicator of progress toward promoting healthy lifestyles among students. Body mass index measures shall be included in kindergarten screening procedures. Students in grades four through eight and students enrolled in high school education courses shall have their body mass index measured through required fitness testing procedures. Body mass index measures shall be reported to the State Department of Education via the West Virginia Education Information System.
Nutrition Guidelines for all foods and beverages on campus
With regard to other school-based activities, the County shall:
The schools shall provide at least ten (10) minutes daily for students to eat breakfast, and at least twenty (20) minutes daily for students to eat lunch.
The schools shall schedule mealtimes so there is minimum disruption by bus schedules, recess, and other special programs or events.
The school shall provide attractive, clean environments in which the students eat.
Students in Lincoln County Schools are permitted to have water in classrooms.
Activities, such as tutoring or club meetings, shall not be scheduled during mealtimes, unless students may eat during those meetings.
Schools may limit the number of celebrations involving serving food during the school day to no more than one (1) party per class per month.
Students, parents, and other community members shall have access to, and be encouraged to use, the school's outdoor physical activity facilities outside the normal school day.
The schools may use environmentally friendly practices, such as the use of locally grown foods and non-disposable tableware and dishes.
The schools may provide opportunities for staff, parents, and other community members to model healthy eating habits by dining with students in the school dining areas.
The schools may demonstrate support for the health of all students by hosting health clinics and screenings and encouraging parents to enroll their eligible children in Medicaid or in other children's health insurance programs for which they may qualify.
Schools in our system utilize electronic identification and payment systems, therefore, eliminating any stigma or identification of students eligible to receive free and/or reduced meals.
Students are discouraged from sharing their foods or beverages with one another during meal times, given concerns about allergies and other restrictions on some students' diets.
Furthermore, with the objectives of enhancing student health and well-being, and reducing childhood obesity, the following guidelines are established:
In accordance with Policy 8500, entitled Food Service, the food service program shall comply with Federal and State regulations pertaining to the selection, preparation, consumption, and disposal of food and beverages as well as to the fiscal management of the program.
As set forth in Policy 8531, entitled Free and Reduced Price Meals, the guidelines for reimbursable school meals meet or exceed the regulations issued by the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA).
The County shall comply with Child Nutrition Standards in accordance with Policy 8510.01 and West Virginia Board policy 4321.1.
The food service program will strive to be financially self-supporting; however, if it is necessary to subsidize the operation, it will not be through the sale of foods with minimal nutritious value.
The food service program will provide all students affordable access to the varied and nutritious foods they need to be healthy and to learn well.
All foods available on campus at any time shall comply with the current USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans, including competitive foods that are available to students a la carte in the dining area, as well as foods that are served as classroom snacks, from vending machines, for fund raisers, for classroom parties, at holiday celebrations, at concession stands, or at any school-related event.
The school food service program may involve students, parents, staff, and school officials in the selection of competitive food items to be sold in the schools.
All foods available to students in County programs, other than the food service program, shall be served with consideration for promoting student health and well-being.
Any food items sold on campus as a fund raiser shall meet the current USDA Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
The food service program shall be administered by a director who is properly qualified, certificated, licensed, or credentialed, according to current professional standards.
All food service personnel shall receive pre-service training in food service operations.
Continuing professional development shall be provided for all staff of the food service program.
It is required that all other foods and beverages made available during the school day meet the following requirements:
Limit total calories to no more than 200 per product/package.
Limit total fat to no more than thirty-five percent (35%) of calories per package/product excluding nuts, seeds, or cheese.
Limit saturated fat to less than ten percent (10%) of the total calories.
Limit trans fat to less than or equal to .5 grams per product/package.
Reduce sugar content of food items to no more than thirty-five percent (35%) per product excluding fruits.
Limit sodium to no more than 200 mg per product/package.
No candy, soft drinks, chewing gum, or flavored ice bars will be sold, served, or distributed during the school day. Food shall not be used as a reward or punishment.
Prohibit the sale, service or distribution of coffee-based products during the school day.
Prohibit caffeine containing beverages with the exception of those containing trace amounts of naturally occurring caffeine substances.
Prohibit the sale, service or distribution of any foods containing non-nutritive/artificial sweeteners.
Lincoln County Schools aim to teach, encourage, and support healthy eating by students, community and staff. Schools should provide nutrition education and engage in nutrition promotion that:
Nutrition education is offered at each grade level as part of a sequential, comprehensive, standards-based program math, science, language arts, social sciences, and elective subjects.
Includes enjoyable, developmentally-appropriate, culturally-relevant, participatory activities, such as contests, promotions, taste testing, farm visits, and school gardens and other activities through WV Extension Office or Marshall University.
School food services and celebrations will promote fruits, vegetables, whole grain products, low fat and fat free dairy products, healthy food preparation methods, and health-enhancing nutrition practices.
Educators will emphasize caloric balance between food intake and energy expenditure (physical activity/exercise).
Schools shall attempt links with school meal programs, other school foods, and nutrition-related community services. Schools should encourage healthy lunches being brought from home for their own child's consumption.
Schools shall actively develop and support the engagement of students, families and staff in community health enhancing activities and events at the school throughout the community.
Schools shall plan classroom celebrations, food experiences, food events in accordance with policy 4321.1 standards. The focus of the event shall be upon the celebratory activities instead of the food itself.
All K - 12 students shall receive nutrition education that teaches the knowledge and skills needed to adopt healthy eating behaviors and is aligned with the West Virginia Health and Physical Education content standards.
Lincoln County will continue to take every opportunity through the usage of team nutrition grants to promote healthy lifestyles, healthy eating habits, and empower students to make healthy choices that will last throughout their lives.
The Board designates the Superintendent and the building principals as the individual(s) charged with operational responsibility for measuring and evaluating the County's implementation and progress under this policy. The Superintendent shall develop administrative guidelines necessary to implement this policy.
The Superintendent shall report on the County's compliance with this policy and the progress toward achieving the goals set forth herein when requested to do so by the Board.
Review of this policy shall occur every two (2) years, by a committee appointed by the Board, consisting of a representative(s) of the Board, the administration, the food service provider, the parents, the students, and the public. The committee shall provide the Board with any recommended changes to this policy. Wellness assessments are available at each school.
42 U.S.C. 1751, Sec. 204
42 U.S.C. 1771
W.Va. Code 18-2-7a